by Mike Ratliff

For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost. (2 Peter 1:21 KJV)

For no prophecy was ever produced by the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit. (2 Peter 1:21 ESV)

For not by will of man was borne at some or other prophecy but by spirit holy being borne spoke the holy of God men. (2 Peter 1:21 The Apostolic Bible Polyglot)

Not for will of man was brought forth prophecy then, but by spirit holy being brought spoke from God men.  (2 Peter 1:21 a personal translation from the Greek text to English)

It is vital that we “get it” that without the foundation of the inspiration of Scripture, all we have is human subjectivity as the basis for truth and that opens the door to the mindset of “anything goes.” We see this with heretics. We see this in liberal churches and denominations. As soon as they drop the Bible as the authoritative Word of God then all sorts of heresies creep in and it isn’t long before all these people stand for has about as much substance as malformed jello. Today I listened to part of Chris Rosebrough’s debate with Doug Pagitt on the doctrine of Hell which took place several days ago. What I marveled at most was the patience of our brother Chris in dealing with the absolute indefiniteness of Pagitt on all topics pertaining to how we know what is truth. It was a bit like trying to nail that malformed jello to a tree in a stiff breeze. In any case, what did we expect? I mean, Pagitt is a heretic. He isn’t a Christian. He may claim to be, but if you try to get him to line up with what really defines what a Christian is Biblically, he will refuse to do it because, to him, that is just too precise. Also, the digging we do here into the original language of the Bible, he would scoff at because, in his own words, human language is not adequate enough to know God’s truth so this is all a waste of time. Well, God is our creator and he communicates to us through the languages He gave us and He has also given those who belong to the Son the Holy Spirit so that they may know His truth through the Word of God. Doug Pagitt may deny these things, but by his own words he proves that he is an unbeliever and so he cannot know these truths unless God opens his heart to them and gives him the Holy Spirit to enable him to know. Yes, it does work that way. 

Carefully read 2 Peter 1:21. I placed it at the top of his post from the KJV, the ESV, the Apostolic Bible, and my own translation from the Greek text. Here is the Greek text itself, “οὐ γὰρ θελήματι ἀνθρώπου ἠνέχθη ποτέ προφητεία, ἀλλὰ ὑπὸ Πνεύματος ῾Αγίου φερόμενοι ἐλάλησαν ἅγιοι Θεοῦ ἄνθρωποι.” As we saw in yesterdays post, Private Interpretation, no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation. In v21 we have Peter’s capstone, the climax to what he has been writing on the subject of inspiration of Scripture. He clearly says in v21 that prophecy came not in old time by the will of man, but holy men of God spoke it as they were moved by the Holy Spirit. This did not spring from their experiences. It didn’t come from their own private interpretations. It didn’t even come from the men who penned the words. It came as Holy men of God were moved by the Holy Spirit of God. Let’s look at the Greek word used here to convey the idea of the Holy Spirit bearing forth the word through these men or moving them to write it, which is φερόμενοι the present passive participle of φέρω or pherō̄, which means “to bring, bear, or carry” with the added pictures of “to bear with idea of motion” and “to bear with the idea of motion to a place.”

Peter loved this word. He used it six times in his two epistles. He was a fisherman. He was used to hard work outside in the elements. When he used φερόμενοι he was painting a picture of men being moved, motivated, and mastered by the Holy Spirit according to the will of God. This is underscored by the verb tense. Why? Because it is passive, “holy men,” which is the subject were being acted upon by the Holy Spirit, and because it is present, this action was continuous. Those “holy men,” therefore, were being “continually carried along” by the Holy Spirit like a ship is carried along as its sails are filled with the wind to drive it to its destination.

The Bible is full, complete revelation of God. Inspiration is the activity of God by which He superintended the reception and communication of His message, even in the specific words used, while still allowing for the style and personality of each writer, with the result being the Word of God.

Soli Deo Gloria!

4 thoughts on “Moved

  1. Thank you, Mike, for your patient spelling out of these truths, and for standing for the Word as He has spoken!
    If only each of us allowed ourselves to be “continually carried along” by the Holy Spirit…How much more He would do with us!
    Pray I will be found faithful!


  2. Thank you, Mike, for your last 4 posts on scripture. They were very encouraging to me. This one, especially, since a lot of Christians seems to be all about “hearing a new word from God” when I wonder what’s wrong with what we have now? I have more than enough to focus on with what He has revealed.

    God bless your day!


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