The Deity of Jesus Christ

by Mike Ratliff

1 Ἐν ἀρχῇ ἦν ὁ λόγος, καὶ ὁ λόγος ἦν πρὸς τὸν θεόν, καὶ θεὸς ἦν ὁ λόγος. (John 1:1 NA27)

1 In the beginning was the Word and the Word was with God and God was the Word. (John 1:1 Possessing the Treasure New Testament V1) 

Going back to Genesis 1:1, which says, “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth,” we understand that the Bible always assumes, and never argues, God’s existence. Although everything else had a beginning, God has always been (Psalm 90:2). In John 1:1-10 we see that the Apostle, by the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, stresses the work of Christ in creation and opens in v1 (above) with the same phrase as in Genesis 1:1. In John 1:1, the word “Word” translates λόγος (logos). Λόγος was used by the Greeks not only of the spoken word but also of the unspoken word, the word still in the mind—the reason. When they applied it to the universe, they meant the rational principle that governs all things. Jews, on the other hand, used it as a way to referring to God. John, therefore, used a term that was meaningful to both Jews and Gentiles. He goes on to say that the λόγος was with God. The λόγος is, therefore distinct from the Father. However, he then says very clearly, “καὶ θεὸς ἦν ὁ λόγος” or, ”God was the Word.” Jesus was God in the fullest sense. 

2 οὗτος ἦν ἐν ἀρχῇ πρὸς τὸν θεόν. 3 πάντα δι᾽ αὐτοῦ ἐγένετο, καὶ χωρὶς αὐτοῦ ἐγένετο οὐδὲ ἕν. ὃ γέγονεν 4 ἐν αὐτῷ ζωὴ ἦν, καὶ ἡ ζωὴ ἦν τὸ φῶς τῶν ἀνθρώπων· 5 καὶ τὸ φῶς ἐν τῇ σκοτίᾳ φαίνει, καὶ ἡ σκοτία αὐτὸ οὐ κατέλαβεν. (John 1:2-5 NA27)

2 This one was with God in the Beginning. 3 All things came to be through him and without him not one thing came to be which came into being. 4 In him was life and the life was the light of men 5 and the light shines in the darkness and the darkness did not grasp it. (John 1:2-5 Possessing the Treasure New Testament V1)

John is very clear that “this one,” referring to Jesus Christ, was no ordinary man or just a prophet as the Muslims say. He was no angel. He was not a created being, but “all things came to be through him and without him not one thing came to be which came into being.” Not only was our Lord Jesus Christ there at creation and a primary part of it, in v4, we see that Spiritual life is found in Him and this life was the light of men. It is found nowhere else and in no one else. It can be obtained by no means other than by those set forth by God himself. We see that those who are still in darkness do not grasp this and seek to be justified by other means. We see religions that parody Christianity all over the map, but they are empty and devoid of this life that is found only in Christ and so are in darkness because they do not possess the light that is found only in him.

14 Καὶ ὁ λόγος σὰρξ ἐγένετο καὶ ἐσκήνωσεν ἐν ἡμῖν, καὶ ἐθεασάμεθα τὴν δόξαν αὐτοῦ, δόξαν ὡς μονογενοῦς παρὰ πατρός, πλήρης χάριτος καὶ ἀληθείας. (John 1:14 NA27)

14 And the Word became flesh and tabernacled among us. and we gazed upon his glory, glory as of the only one from the Father, full of grace and truth. (John 1:14 Possessing the Treasure New Testament V1) 

The Greek here for “became” indicates transition not creation. That means our Lord Jesus, the Word, existed before he became man. 

18 Θεὸν οὐδεὶς ἑώρακεν πώποτε· μονογενὴς θεὸς ὁ ὢν εἰς τὸν κόλπον τοῦ πατρὸς ἐκεῖνος ἐξηγήσατο. (John 1:18 NA27)

18 No one has ever seen God; the only God, the one being in the bosom of the Father, that one explained Him. (John 1:18 Possessing the Treasure New Testament V1) 

In v18 we have an explicit declaration of Christ’s deity. The Word has made known or explained the Father to us, that is, as he really is.

Be encouraged my brethren. Our Lord Jesus Christ is the Word and is God the Son. If we are in Christ then do we not only have the Holy Spirit indwelling us, but also the Father and the Son (John 14).

Soli Deo Gloria!

5 thoughts on “The Deity of Jesus Christ

  1. Praise God!

    You know Mike, between this post and the last one which I just read on ‘our two natures’, I’m so encouraged right now that I must thank
    God out loud and thank you for being such a good teacher!
    In this last few months my spirit has been downcast and many things have happened that just seemed to beat me down. Now here look and see, my heart is brightened and my faith increased by a great measure at that.

    May God Bless you for this ministry He’s given to you and your faithfulness in employing your knowledge. Believe me, these last two posts really go together for me (I can’t explain that, but in my heart they do) and what peace they’ve given to me. Thank you again Mike 🙂


  2. I know of what you speak Denise. I get that way too and know of know other way out of that pit than to grasp these truths and rejoice in them. Thank you for the encouragement my sister.


  3. Good morning Mike. A while back I was reading about Wisdom in Proverbs and how folks will take that scripture and say a few things about it. 1. To back up that Jesus was a created being or 2. To say that Wisdom has nothing to do with Jesus at all or 3. To use it to back up the idea of Sophia the Goddess or a “type” of Mary. Anyhow, I’ve always seen that scripture as a description of the Word, Jesus Christ and I found a pretty short paper a while back that explains how this verse is indeed a scripture about Jesus and why the word is feminine as well as why it does NOT back up the idea that Jesus Christ is a created being or that Wisdom is a female. Might be helpful if you run across folks who use proverbs to back up any of the first 3 ideas I listed above. Anyhow, here’s the link and as always, thanks for the post!

    ps…I’m just gonna put the link to my blog post on it just because it has the scriptures there too and a link to the article.


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