Repost of The Sower and the Soils

The following was posted on January 23, 2006. Enjoy and be blessed.

by Mike Ratliff

That same day Jesus went out of the house and sat beside the sea. And great crowds gathered about him, so that he got into a boat and sat down. And the whole crowd stood on the beach. And he told them many things in parables, saying: “A sower went out to sow. And as he sowed, some seeds fell along the path, and the birds came and devoured them. Other seeds fell on rocky ground, where they did not have much soil, and immediately they sprang up, since they had no depth of soil, but when the sun rose they were scorched. And since they had no root, they withered away. Other seeds fell among thorns, and the thorns grew up and choked them. Other seeds fell on good soil and produced grain, some a hundredfold, some sixty, some thirty. He who has ears, let him hear.” (Matthew 13:1-9 ESV)

There’s something about Jesus’ parables that has always fascinated me. I have heard “stories” from others that were designed to drive home some relevant point, however, His parables are succinct and not only drive home His point, but reveal mighty truths straight from God to our hearts.

The parable of the sower is not only important and relevant, it is vital for our post-modern Church to understand. Our complacent society has infiltrated the Church. No one seems to have an attention span longer than a few seconds. If some entertainment feature isn’t before our eyes or pounding into our ears, then panic sets in because our hearts are desperate for fulfillment, yet we are lazy and addicted to media, games, or music which tie directly into our flesh bound souls.

People who belong to a “Church” may or may not be authentic. With rampant spiritual immaturity coupled with bondage to entertainment, it can be hard to tell many “believers” from the lost. How can we tell if we are actually “in Christ?” Let’s start at the beginning by looking at salvation from our Lord’s perspective.

Jesus’ parable of the sower is just as relevant to us as it was to those who heard if from His own blessed lips. Before we start working through this parable let’s define the terms Jesus used. The sower was a farmer who went to his field to sow seed. In Jesus’ time, farmer’s fields were long narrow strips of land that they would break up with a plow to prepare the soil before planting. These “fields” were separated from other fields by pathways of compacted earth. These paths would be just a few feet wide. The soil composition of the paths would be the same as that of the fields on each side. The soil in the field and pathways was the same, however, in parts of the field there would be places where weeds grew more prevalently than in other parts because the soil was contaminated with weeds and weed seeds. In other parts of the field the soil would not be very deep because of an under layer of limestone. However, there would also be good soil in the field. It had good depth and was not contaminated. The sower wanted his seed to go to good soil because it would grow and produce good fruit; however, seed that went to the rocky soil and weedy soil would not. Any seed that ended up on the pathways was a waste because none of it would grow. In the parable, Jesus said that the only soil that produced a crop was the good soil. Some produced a hundredfold, some sixty and some thirty. Then Jesus tells the hearers, “He who has ears, let him hear.”

After Jesus told this parable, His disciples came to Him and asked why he taught that way instead of speaking plainly. He told them that many of those who heard Him speak were not going to understand because their hearts had been hardened. Then he explained it to them when they were alone.

“Hear then the parable of the sower: When anyone hears the word of the kingdom and does not understand it, the evil one comes and snatches away what has been sown in his heart. This is what was sown along the path. As for what was sown on rocky ground, this is the one who hears the word and immediately receives it with joy, yet he has no root in himself, but endures for a while, and when tribulation or persecution arises on account of the word, immediately he falls away. As for what was sown among thorns, this is the one who hears the word, but the cares of the world and the deceitfulness of riches choke the word, and it proves unfruitful. As for what was sown on good soil, this is the one who hears the word and understands it. He indeed bears fruit and yields, in one case a hundredfold, in another sixty, and in another thirty.” (Matthew 13:18-23 ESV)

Who is the sower? In this case, it was Jesus. However, the sower is anyone who shares the gospel. What is the seed? It is the word of the kingdom. That is the gospel of the good news of Jesus Christ.

The first soil from the parable is the pathway. This soil is compacted and hard. Any seed falling there will simply bounce and set on top. It will not sink in so it can germinate. What happens to it? Birds came and devoured it. In the parable, who is represented by the birds? This is Satan, the devil. However, what is this soil’s problem? It is hard and compacted. Jesus was referring to hardhearted individuals. Their consciences have become hardened by their repeated sins and unrepentance. These are unbelievers; we know this because the gospel is being shared with them. The gospel has no affect on these people. It just bounces off their hard hearts and is grabbed up by the enemy. He lies to them by having them believe false teachings or points them to humanism or some other false religion. The soil of the pathway represents people who are the reprobate lost.

What does the rocky soil or ground represent? Remember this soil looks like plowed ground, but is shallow with a hard limestone layer just a few inches below. What happens when the gospel is heard by this soil? The seed springs up immediately. These people receive it with joy, but there has been no root development into the deeper moist soil. As soon as the heat comes the plants from these seeds die. In the analogy, these believers are those who hear the gospel and receive it joyfully, but there has been no regeneration in their heart. This represents those believers who are merely “converts” to religion. They have not truly believed. They look great at first, but as soon as they are called to get serious about their faith through discipleship or by public praying they simply fall away. They could also not bear up with the criticism from non-believers about their new faith. They prove that they were not truly regenerated by giving in to the persecution. The rocky or hard layer in their hearts represents an inner hardheartedness. They are still clinging to their fleshly past and will not repent. That is why God did not regenerate their hearts. The soil of the rocky soil represents people who are “temporary believers.”

What does the weedy or thorny soil represent? These people hear the gospel and appear to be genuine, but they are far more interested in money, possessions, entertainment, their job, or any other idolatrous thing than they are about abiding in Christ. By this, they prove they were not genuinely saved. How do we know this represents non-believers in church? They do not produce or bear fruit.

What I am getting ready to say may not be popular with many; however, the truth is the truth. How can we tell Christians from non-Christians? Genuine Christians are fruitful in the Kingdom. Disingenuous Christians are not.

“I am the true vine, and my Father is the vinedresser. Every branch of mine that does not bear fruit he takes away, and every branch that does bear fruit he prunes, that it may bear more fruit. Already you are clean because of the word that I have spoken to you. Abide in me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit by itself, unless it abides in the vine, neither can you, unless you abide in me. I am the vine; you are the branches. Whoever abides in me and I in him, he it is that bears much fruit, for apart from me you can do nothing. If anyone does not abide in me he is thrown away like a branch and withers; and the branches are gathered, thrown into the fire, and burned. If you abide in me, and my words abide in you, ask whatever you wish, and it will be done for you. By this my Father is glorified, that you bear much fruit and so prove to be my disciples.” (John 15:1-8 ESV)

According to this passage, genuine believers not only bear much fruit, they abide in Christ. Abiding in Christ is remaining and living completely attached in Him. That means the genuine believer is not in Christ for a season then not for another season then back in Christ for a season, etc. No, the genuine believer remains in Christ. Those who remain in Christ are fruitful. What happens to those who appeared to be attached to Christ for a while, but were unfruitful? The Father removes them and casts them into the fire. What is the fruit that genuine believers bear? Some is character fruit such as the fruit of the spirit which the Holy Spirit will manifest in the lives of those who abide in Christ.

But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, self-control; against such things there is no law. And those who belong to Christ Jesus have crucified the flesh with its passions and desires. If we live by the Spirit, let us also walk by the Spirit. (Galatians 5:22-25 ESV)

Did you notice what those who belong to Christ Jesus have done? They have crucified the flesh with its passions and desire. That means they are not living for self, but are living for Christ as they abide in Him. This is behavioral fruit. It is closely associated with the character fruit. Genuine believers will not resemble the world. They will not be “summer soldiers.” That means they will remain in season and out. As the believer matures the fluctuations between obedience and disobedience they experience should become less and less. The more mature we become the more we abide in Christ and less we seek what the world offers in His place. We do that by applying Romans 12:1-2.

What is the last soil? It is the good soil. It represents believers who hear the gospel and understand it. These are genuine believers. They produce much fruit. As we have seen only those who abide (remain) in Christ are genuine believers. If they abide in Christ then they will be fruitful in the Kingdom.

The salvation of those represented by the good soil was a function of its condition instead of the proficiency of the sower. Anyone can throw the seed out there. The presentation of the gospel message by obedient seedsowers is what the Holy Spirit uses to plow the ground of the good soil. Salvation comes as He regenerates the hearts of those who will believe.

The condition of the soils is the determinant of the outcome of sowing good seed instead of the professionalism of the seedsower. The tendency of our post-modern Churches to revert to the world’s methods of marketing to “sell” the gospel to people is simply another indication that those “Christian Leaders” are ashamed of the gospel. They are far more concerned with numbers than with presenting the gospel in the power of the Holy Spirit. They water it down so there is no call for repentance from sin. They produce large numbers of “converts,” but very few genuine believers.

Let’s pray for God to convict us to get out there in the world to present the gospel to any who will listen. Remember, just because someone is of the pathway, or rocky or thorny soils now, does not mean that the Holy Spirit is not plowing their hearts to break up their soil unto good soil that can hear and understand the truth of the word of the Kingdom.

Scripture quotations are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version, copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a division of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

14 thoughts on “Repost of The Sower and the Soils

  1. Thanks for re-posting this, Mike. Excellent as are all the articles I read here. I am new – recently found may way to your site via the ChristianResearchNetwork. A real blessing!


  2. Wow – this is an excellent article. You’re absolutely right – the power represented in Christ’s preaching is astounding in comparison to everything else.


  3. Mike, this is the parable that really got me to stop and think.

    As I sat in Sunday service and listened to the pastor expound on this parable, there were two things happening. First, I found myself nodding my head in agreement as the pastor explained that the soil is the hearts of people. Would the soil be ready for the Gospel and accept it? The pastor explained that people need to prepare their hearts for the seed. Just as I was nodding in agreement, something else was happening inside me. Suddenly, I became angry and frustrated with the pastor’s message. As he was speaking, I thought to myself, “How can a person who doesn’t know God prepare his heart to receive God? How can a sinner who is in opposition to God now plow up the hardness of his heart so that he can receive and believe the Gospel?”

    I went home that day very frustrated. It wasn’t long after that that some others things happened at that church that put me on the path to find the truth of the doctrines of grace.

    And as I look back at my experience at that church, I realize that there were a lot of converts, but very few who were truly born again and producing fruit. While the vast majority were going to church all the time and going to Bible studies, there was no evidence of the fruit of the Spirit. There was no love for the brethren and outright disdain for the lost.

    I’m afraid that the longer these converts remain in that environment, with that kind of message, the less chance they have of receiving the truth. I pray for the few there who I recognized as having a right spirit. I’m not sure why they stay there, although I understand that they think they are doing the right thing by being a “light” to others. For me, I just had to get out after two years. Every time I went to the pastor to discuss things, he was nice enough, but he wouldn’t listen to what I was saying.


  4. Paul and Luann,

    My parents were visiting us this weekend. We took them to church with us on Sunday. You should have heard my mom and dad talk about the preaching! That are not used to hearing the Gospel preached in full nor are they used to that level of indepth Bible study we hear every Sunday. It was then that I realized how blessed we are that God has directed our paths to this church. Then I thought of all those in churches who only hear slivers of the truth mixed in with a great deal of cultural relavancy. That made me both angry and sad. These yo-yos who are not feeding their flocks have alot to answer for.

    In Christ

    Mike Ratliff


  5. Amen Carol. It is qutie sad isn’t it? How any Bible teacher could come up with that twisted version of this passage is beyond me. God prepares the soil of our hearts, we sure don’t. I am very glad that God directed your path out of there.

    In Christ

    Mike Ratliff


  6. Hi Mike, We have been gone for a day or so and just got back on the web. We can relate to your situation. We had our parents go to a ‘real’ church and it was so far over their heads they wouldn’t go back. The sad thing is, all the pastor did was to preach the true gospel and Gods Sovereignty!! So we know how you feel. These so called pastors that preach a watered down, false, social churcheism gospel are in BIG trouble with our Lord!


  7. Mike, Atleast your parents saw and heard the truth and comprehended it. Ours didn’t. They have sat under garbage preaching for so long that when they heard the real deal………..they didn’t ‘get it’. Makes you wonder.


  8. Paul and Luann,

    My mother is 81 (yesterday was her birthday). My dad will be 84 in January. My dad has alzhiemers, but not real severe. He can’t remember anything that is recent, only old memories. My mother still does okay. My wife and I took notes during the sermon. My mother covered her bulletin with notes. It was amazing. She told me that it was obvious to her that God has put us in that church. She is very solid spiritually. She has an insight into spiritual things that amazes me at times. However, even so, they are in a church that has started the watering down process and I could tell how hungry they both were for the truth from God’s Word.

    I cannot wait for Sunday mornings anymore because I know that I am going to be fed something deep and spiritually norishing as well as the whole Gospel. What a blessing!

    In Christ

    Mike Ratliff


  9. Paul and Luann,

    I am truly sorry about your parents. All we can do is pray for them and tell them the truth in love. I tried to get my mother to see how all of their church’s focus on stuff instead of following Jesus was just “doing church” not genuine discipleship.

    I hope you caught what said in this post about entertainment. Our churches have started trying to compete against “entertaiment” by being entertaining. That isn’t what we are called to do. We are called to walk in the spirit, to be spirit-filled and spirit-led. That means that our hearts are turned to God and away from what our flesh craves and demands. If we don’t do this then we are simply trying to fill a bottomless pit of fleshly desire with flehsly things. It doesn’t work and it is exactly the opposite of what we must be about.

    In Christ

    Mike Ratliff


  10. Hello Mike!,

    My friends and I have been discussing this parable all week. I am so glad that you have posted on it. Jesus said it is the key to understanding all of the other parables. I have heard different pastors and people interpret this parable incorrectly, saying that the third seed category, those who grow up in the weeds and are ‘choked’, are ‘carnal’ christians. These same people say that the ‘weed’ christians are in danger of loosing rewards and not in danger of being lost. WHAT!??

    And yet you have posted the most important verse clarifying this parable above, where Jesus speaks of abiding! I don’t know how much clearer He could be. This parable sheds some real light on the 10 virgins parable etc. too.

    Here are two more verses evidencing your correct explanation of the scripture here.

    James 4:4
    Do you not know that friendship with the world is enmity with God? Therefore whoever wishes to be a friend of the world MAKES HIMSELF an enemy of God.

    Hebrews 6:7-8
    “For land that has drunk the rain that often falls on it, and produces a crop useful to those for whose sake it is cultivated, receives a blessing from God. But if it bears thorns and thistles, it is worthless and near to being cursed, and ITS END IS TO BE BURNED.

    Thank you again for the post!

    Love in Christ,


  11. I just taught this in Sunday School and gave very close conclusions to yours. We also explored how the following parables of the weeds, hidden treasure, etc helped the understanding of the Sower parable as the same farming motif was employed.


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