by Mike Ratliff
8 ἀλλὰ καὶ ἐὰν ἡμεῖς ἢ ἄγγελος ἐξ οὐρανοῦ εὐαγγελίζηται [ὑμῖν] παρʼ ὃ εὐηγγελισάμεθα ὑμῖν, ἀνάθεμα ἔστω. 9 ὡς προειρήκαμεν καὶ ἄρτι πάλιν λέγω· εἴ τις ὑμᾶς εὐαγγελίζεται παρʼ ὃ παρελάβετε, ἀνάθεμα ἔστω.
10 Ἄρτι γὰρ ἀνθρώπους πείθω ἢ τὸν θεόν; ἢ ζητῶ ἀνθρώποις ἀρέσκειν; εἰ ἔτι ἀνθρώποις ἤρεσκον, Χριστοῦ δοῦλος οὐκ ἂν ἤμην. 11 Γνωρίζω γὰρ ὑμῖν, ἀδελφοί, τὸ εὐαγγέλιον τὸ εὐαγγελισθὲν ὑπʼ ἐμοῦ ὅτι οὐκ ἔστιν κατὰ ἄνθρωπον· 12 οὐδὲ γὰρ ἐγὼ παρὰ ἀνθρώπου παρέλαβον αὐτὸ οὔτε ἐδιδάχθην, ἀλλὰ διʼ ἀποκαλύψεως Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ. Galatians 1:8-12 (NA28)
8 But even if we or an angel from heaven should preach a gospel to you besides that which we preached to you let him be a curse. 9 As we have previously said, and now again I say, if anyone preaches a gospel to you besides that which you received, let him be a curse. 10 For am I now trying to convince men or God? Or am I seeking to please men? If I were still trying to please men, I would not be Christ’s slave. 11 For I make known to you, brothers, the gospel that was preached by me is not man’s gospel. 12 For I neither received it from man nor was I taught it, but I received it through a revelation of Jesus Christ. Galatians 1:8-12 (translated from the NA28 Greek text)
There is only one true gospel. That may surprise many, but it is actually one of the major themes of the epistle of Galatians. I have been in “conversation” on this topic for the last several days with many who disagree that there is only one gospel. Their stance is that no one can know everything about the gospel. We must be tolerant of others’ views of salvation because the gospel is inherently unknowable. Several years ago, I may have bought that argument, but not anymore. Our God is a very precise God who does things His way in His timing and always for His glory.
The background passages I will use for this article will be mostly from the book of Galatians. However, we will look in Romans, John, Matthew, and Ephesians as well. Galatians was the Apostle Paul’s first epistle. Galatia was a region of the Roman province of Asia. This area is in modern day Turkey. This was the region of Paul and Barnabas’ first missionary journey. They planted several churches throughout that region. However, sometime after they returned to Antioch false teachers had come to those churches preaching and teaching that faith was not enough for salvation. They contended that the Gentiles in Galatia who believed must also keep the Mosaic Law in order to be saved. When Paul found out about this, he responded with the epistle or letter that we call Galatians.
This book is a great source for this topic because it deals with the same issue the post-modern Church is dealing with. The Galatians were told that there was another gospel. Today, as I stated above, the gospel is open to interpretation. Is it? I contend that the gospel is not open to anyone’s interpretation. It is only what the Bible says it is. This, of course, causes another huge cry of “foul” because people interpret the Bible differently. That is a shame, but it is a true statement. However, there would not be this huge variance of interpretations of the Bible or the gospel if we utilize careful exegesis, keeping everything in context.
Let’s start with the reason Paul wrote this epistle. As I stated above, he wrote it to address the fact that false teachers had come to the area and were deceiving those whom Paul and Barnabas had led to Christ. Many were falling for the false teachings. Paul responded by coming to the point right away.
1 Paul, an apostle (not from men nor through man, but through Jesus Christ and God the Father who raised Him from the dead), 2 and all the brethren who are with me,
To the churches of Galatia:
3 Grace to you and peace from God the Father and our Lord Jesus Christ, 4 who gave Himself for our sins, that He might deliver us from this present evil age, according to the will of our God and Father, 5 to whom be glory forever and ever. Amen.
6 I marvel that you are turning away so soon from Him who called you in the grace of Christ, to a different gospel, 7 which is not another; but there are some who trouble you and want to pervert the gospel of Christ. Galatians 1:1-7 (NKJV)
Notice that Paul states that his Apostleship is not from men nor through man, but through Jesus Christ and God the Father. He was establishing his authority for the rebuke that is coming. Then Paul tells the Galatians that this letter is not from him only, but also from all the brothers who are with him. That would include Barnabas. The next part of the greeting is actually a theological statement. He blesses them with grace and peace from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ, but he then states what Jesus has done for them and us. Jesus Christ gave Himself for our sins to deliver us from the present evil age. Whose will was it that He did that? It was the Father’s will. Why did He will it and do it? It was for His glory.
The Greek word translated “deliver” means “to rescue.” That is a good way to look at our salvation. It is a rescue. From what are we rescued? The text says we are delivered from this present evil age. Some translations use “world” in the place of age. However, the word evil stands. Our salvation rescues us from something evil. Paul is telling us that we are rescued from the same fate that the unredeemed in this present evil age will experience. That, of course, is eternal separation from God in Hell.
The next statement Paul makes is one that expresses his disbelief in how quickly the Galatians have departed from the gospel of grace by turning to a false gospel. The words Paul uses here tell us that the false gospel is opposed to grace. In other words, it is based on works. Those who taught this false gospel tried to blend their works theology with the gospel of Christ. This is a favorite ploy of our enemy. He knows that most believers will resist outright lies, but a lie blended with the truth may slip through. The false teachers actually “troubled” the Galatians. The word “trouble” here means to agitate or stir up. This teaching does not bring peace to the body of Christ. It causes agitation and trouble. Why? Works theology is incapable of bringing rest.
28 Come to Me, all you who labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. 29 Take My yoke upon you and learn from Me, for I am gentle and lowly in heart, and you will find rest for your souls. 30 For My yoke is easy and My burden is light.” Matthew 11:28-30 (NKJV)
It always stirs up those who are bedeviled by it. Jesus’ call to “Come to Him all who labor and are heavy laden” is followed by a promise that He will give them rest. The words “heavy laden” in Greek refers to “those who are overburdened with ceremony.” In other words, they are mired in a works based theology. However, the real gospel of Jesus Christ brings “rest.”
8 But even if we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel to you than what we have preached to you, let him be accursed. 9 As we have said before, so now I say again, if anyone preaches any other gospel to you than what you have received, let him be accursed. Galatians 1:8-9 (NKJV)
Carefully read those verses. We usually emphasize Paul’s extreme apologetic stance on what he thinks should happen to those who distort the gospel. However, for this study let us look at what Paul is saying about the real gospel and all false gospels. Did the Galatians know the gospel that Paul preached? He is telling them that they must compare the gospel He preached to them with the one coming from the false teachers. To do that they must know what the real gospel is. I know that sounds simplistic, but this should be obvious. The gospel can be known and when a false gospel comes along it should be easy to see that there is a difference. What should believers do with a false gospel? They must reject it and those who espouse it no matter who they are.
With this in mind, what was the gospel that Paul gave the Galatians? Paul preached the same gospel to everyone. It was unchangeable as far as Paul was concerned. Let’s look at a passage from his letter to the Ephesians.
1 And you He made alive, who were dead in trespasses and sins, 2 in which you once walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit who now works in the sons of disobedience, 3 among whom also we all once conducted ourselves in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind, and were by nature children of wrath, just as the others.
4 But God, who is rich in mercy, because of His great love with which He loved us, 5 even when we were dead in trespasses, made us alive together with Christ (by grace you have been saved), 6 and raised us up together, and made us sit together in the heavenly places in Christ Jesus, 7 that in the ages to come He might show the exceeding riches of His grace in His kindness toward us in Christ Jesus. 8 For by grace you have been saved through faith, and that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God, 9 not of works, lest anyone should boast. 10 For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand that we should walk in them. Ephesians 2:1-10 (NKJV)
Here we see that Paul preached and taught that all people are born dead in trespasses and sins. That means that before salvation we are spiritually dead. We are spiritually helpless. We cannot even choose to seek or obey God. There are no seekers of God outside of the grace of God. However, God being rich in mercy, because of the great love with which He loved us, even when we were spiritually dead, made us alive together with Christ. He made spiritually dead people alive in Christ. This is regeneration. This is God resurrecting His people from spiritual death unto a new life in Christ by making them Born Again. How did He do it? It was by Grace through faith. The faith is not the believer’s own faith. Instead, this faith is a gift of God. The next passage is crucial. This salvation is not a result of works, so that no one may boast. This is vital for us to understand. Our salvation must be understood to occur in a way that excludes our ability to boast. That eliminates the possibility of any “decision” on our part. The saved person is God’s workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand, that they should walk in them.
Did you notice that good works follow salvation? They never come first. The faith that we exercise in belief is the faith that is a gift of God. It is not our faith. If it was then we could boast because it would be our work. God set up salvation in a way where sinful, spiritually dead people can be made righteous and possess eternal salvation
27 Where is boasting then? It is excluded. By what law? Of works? No, but by the law of faith. Romans 3:27 (NKJV)
Saving faith, therefore, cannot be a work that people do. As we saw in Ephesians 2:1-10, this faith is a gift of God. Ephesians 2:10 says, “ For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand that we should walk in them.” The regeneration of believer’s hearts that give them the faith to believe and repent is a work of God alone. This is monergism. Monergism is a word that describes a process that is accomplished by one entity. The monergistic gospel that Paul taught the Galatians stated that their salvation was God’s work alone according to His purpose.
3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places in Christ, 4 just as He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before Him in love, 5 having predestined us to adoption as sons by Jesus Christ to Himself, according to the good pleasure of His will, 6 to the praise of the glory of His grace, by which He made us accepted in the Beloved.
7 In Him we have redemption through His blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of His grace 8 which He made to abound toward us in all wisdom and prudence, 9 having made known to us the mystery of His will, according to His good pleasure which He purposed in Himself, 10 that in the dispensation of the fullness of the times He might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven and which are on earth—in Him. 11 In Him also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestined according to the purpose of Him who works all things according to the counsel of His will, 12 that we who first trusted in Christ should be to the praise of His glory. Ephesians 1:3-12 (NKJV)
When did God choose those He elected to save? It was before the foundation of the world. Why did He do it? He chose them and blessed them in Christ with every spiritual blessing to make them holy and blameless before Him. He loved them before He even created them. Out of that love and affection for those He chose, He predestined them for adoption through Jesus Christ. Why? It was according to the purpose of His will, to the praise of His glorious grace, with which He has blessed them in the Beloved. What is this blessing? In the Beloved (Jesus Christ) the chosen have redemption through His blood. They also have the forgiveness of their trespasses (sins) according to the riches of His grace, which He lavished upon them. The result of these blessings is that, in Christ, they have obtained an inheritance, having been predestined according to the purpose of God. What criteria did God use to place His love on them? It was according to the counsel of His will in order that all in Christ are saved to the praise of His glory.
29 For whom He foreknew, He also predestined to be conformed to the image of His Son, that He might be the firstborn among many brethren. 30 Moreover whom He predestined, these He also called; whom He called, these He also justified; and whom He justified, these He also glorified. Romans 8:29-30 (NKJV)
In the passage above, we see that those whom God chose were foreknown by Him. That word means to foreknow a person. The object of that verb is the word “whom.” This is not speaking of knowing what people will or will not do, but is speaking of knowing a person personally. God looked down through time before He created the world and placed His love and affection on those whom He predestined. What was that predestination? From Ephesians 1:3-12 we saw that God predestined His chosen so that they could become holy and blameless before Him and that they would be adopted through Jesus Christ. In Romans 8:29-30 we see that it also includes that they will become conformed to the image of Jesus Christ. This makes perfect sense. God predestined His people to become holy and blameless before Him so they must become conformed unto the image of Jesus Christ. The process to accomplish this includes adoption into God’s family. What happens to those whom God predestines? They are called. What does this mean? This is the monergistic work of God in regenerating the hearts of those being saved.
44 No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him; and I will raise him up at the last day. John 6:44 (NKJV)
This is the effectual call of God. This call or rebirth transforms a depraved, sinful, God-resisting person into a Born Again believer who loves and believes God. At the moment of rebirth, the believer sees their sin and how it separates them from God. They believe the gospel. They turn away from their sin in repentance as they turn to Jesus Christ for salvation through the faith God gives them. Those who are Born Again believe then are justified by God. This is a legal term. It is an act of God where He imputes the Righteousness of Jesus Christ to the believer. Their new righteousness “justifies” them in God’s sight. After justification, God adopts the new believer into His family. They are now Jesus Christ’s sibling. The last act of God in this passage states that God glorifies the believer. This is the culmination of predestination.
Paul’s letter to the Galatians had a specific intent. He wrote it to address the polluting affects of grace plus works to the gospel. In our post-modern era we have similar attacks on the gospel plus myriads of other synergistic versions of it. Some are blatantly “works theology” while others are simply weak versions of the monergistic gospel we find clearly taught in scripture. Some false gospels lead people to trust in works to be saved, while others teach, correctly, that salvation is by grace alone through faith alone while insisting that the faith to believe must come from the believer. It is a mistake to say that no one can be saved who are in churches who line up behind this sort of gospel. God saves His people whether it is by hearing the right gospel or a watered-down version of it. Our salvation is in His hands not ours. However, the monergistic gospel is bound to the sovereignty of God and gives Him all the glory. The synergist may claim their version of the gospel gives all the glory to God, but in a sense it does rob Him of some because works are still involved.
Those who refuse to believe the Biblical gospel attempt to change it or create a new one that elevates the will of Man to be equal or greater status than God’s. Their false gospels teach that God created only the possibility of salvation for all men because Christ’s work on the cross did not guarantee the salvation of anyone. Their gospel teaches that Jesus died for all of the sins of all people. Their version of election is diluted to state that God foreknew those who would elect Him. The salvation of Men is in response to the preaching of the gospel. They either accept it or reject it, but it is completely their choice. Those who do choose wisely are rewarded with salvation. They are then Born Again and justified by faith that they generated themselves. Some teach that salvation is not permanent. It can be lost if they apostatize. This version of the gospel is synergistic rather than monergistic because it is a work of cooperation between Man and God. Again, it must be stated that God saves His people, however, those who adhere to a monergistic, God-centered gospel and a cross-centered life will have an understanding of God that draws them to see their life as completly in God’s hands while the synergistic gospel’s inconsistencies hide that fact.
The gospel Paul preached and taught excludes the possibility of boasting. The synergistic gospel, by its very nature, provides for the possibility of boasting. Think about it. If people are saved because it was their decision then they can boast because they made the right decision, but lost people did not. However, the monergistic gospel eliminates that possibility because it is God’s work alone. It is by His grace through the faith He gives to those He saves.
Those who do come to an understanding to the truth of Gods’ wonderful monergistic work in their salvation should be humbled by that knowledge. Unfortunatly, many do become prideful and elitist in their stance against the synergists. This is not Christlike behavior. A solid and true understanding of salvation must lead to humility rather than boasting.
There is only one gospel. It is the gospel that Paul preached and taught. He wrote it out for us in his epistles. Jesus tells us that no one can come to Him unless the Father draws him or her. (John 6:44) This is in complete agreement with what Paul taught. The authentic gospel is the monergistic work of God to save His people. God the Father chose His people then predestined them for glory. The Son, our Lord Jesus Christ, died on the cross to pay the price for the elect’s sin. His substitutionary death on the cross was the propitiation for their sins. He was the perfect sacrifice as the Lamb of God. His death was sufficient in the eyes of the Father to satisfy His wrath against the elect’s sin. The Holy Spirit calls each believer to salvation, regenerating their hearts unto salvation all in God’s timing and according to His will and all for His glory.
Lastly, as a friend pointed out to me, no one is saved because they have the right doctrine nor are they damned if they happen to be in the wrong church. God saves His people by grace through faith. No one deserves it and no one can earn it. If you are monergistic in your doctrine then you should be humble and cooperating with God in becoming Christlike. If you are synergistic or simply inconsistent in your doctrine that does not mean you are not a believer. It does not mean that you will not or cannot grow in grace. However, the more we submit to the sovereignty of God and the Lordship of Jesus Christ the more God is glorified in us. If we are living like that then we will also be actively uprooting pride from our hearts while cultivating humility there. Inconsistencies exist in us all, but Christ’s grace is greater.
Soli Deo Gloria!